Redefining Christian Identity

As part of the project the symposium "Redefining Christian Identity, Christian cultural strategies since the rise of Islam" took place at Groningen University on April 7-10, 1999. This book contains the proceedings of this conference.

Redefining Christian Identity

Redefining Christian Identity

Cultural interaction in the Middle East since the Rise of Islam - such was the title of a combined research project of the Universities of Leiden and Groningen aimed at describing the various ways in which the Christian communities of the Middle East expressed their distinct cultural identity in Muslim societies. As part of the project the symposium "Redefining Christian Identity, Christian cultural strategies since the rise of Islam" took place at Groningen University on April 7-10, 1999. This book contains the proceedings of this conference. From the articles it becomes clear that a number of distinct "cultural strategies" can be identified, some of which were used very frequently, others only in certain groups or at particular periods of time. The three main strategies that are represented in the papers of this volume are: (i) reinterpretation of the pre-Islamic Christian heritage; (ii) inculturation of elements from the new Islamic context; (iii) isolation from the Islamic context. Viewed in time, it is clear that the reinterpretation of older Christian heritage was particularly important in the first two centuries after the rise of Islam, the seventh and eighth centuries, that inculturation was the dominant theme of the Abbasid period, in the ninth to twelfth centuries, whereas from the Mongol period onwards, from the thirteenth to the eighteenth centuries, isolation more and more often occurs, although inculturation of elements from the predominantly Muslim environment never came to a complete standstill.

Islamic Political Identity in Turkey

... model of public policy demonstrating the compatibility of worldly success and spiritual values by redefining Islamic identity. Many Sunni-Muslim Turks who voted for the AKP voted for the restoration of the Özal era (see chapter 4).

Islamic Political Identity in Turkey

Islamic Political Identity in Turkey

In November of 2002, the Justice and Development Party swept to victory in the Turkish parliamentary elections. Because of the party's Islamic roots, its electoral triumph has sparked a host of questions both in Turkey and in the West: Does the party harbor a secret Islamist agenda? Will the new government seek to overturn nearly a century of secularization stemming from Kemal Atatürk's early-twentieth-century reforms? Most fundamentally, is Islam compatible with democracy? In this penetrating work, M. Hakan Yavuz seeks to answer these questions, and to provide a comprehensive analysis of Islamic political identity in Turkey. He begins in the early twentieth century, when Kemal Atatürk led Turkey through a process of rapid secularization and crushed Islamic opposition to his authoritarian rule. Yavuz argues that, since Atatürk's death in 1938, however, Turkey has been gradually moving away from his militant secularism and experiencing "a quiet Muslim reformation." Islamic political identity is not homogeneous, says Yavuz, but can be modern and progressive as well as conservative and potentially authoritarian. While the West has traditionally seen Kemalism as an engine for reform against "reactionary" political Islam, in fact the Kemalist establishment has traditionally used the "Islamic threat" as an excuse to avoid democratization and thus hold on to power. Yavuz offers an account of the "soft coup" of 1997, in which the Kemalist military-bureaucratic establishment overthrew the democratically elected coalition government, which was led by the pro-Islamic Refah party. He argues that the soft coup plunged Turkey into a renewed legitimacy crisis which can only be resolved by the liberalization of the political system. The book ends with a discussion of the most recent election and its implications for Turkey and the Muslim world. Yavuz argues that Islamic social movements can be important agents for promoting a democratic and pluralistic society, and that the Turkish example holds long term promise for the rest of the Muslim world. Based on extensive fieldwork and interviews, this work offers a sophisticated new understanding of the role of political Islam in one of the world's most strategically important countries.

Rethinking Identities in Contemporary Pakistani Fiction

Aslam's own limited understanding of Islam, more specifically Islamic jurisprudence and fiqh (which I rebut in the ... Aslam, by redefining his own identity from transnational British Pakistani to postnational Muslim, claims to be a ...

Rethinking Identities in Contemporary Pakistani Fiction

Rethinking Identities in Contemporary Pakistani Fiction

This book focuses on the way that notions of home and identity have changed for Muslims as a result of international 'war on terror' rhetoric. It uniquely links the post-9/11 stereotyping of Muslims and Islam in the West to the roots of current jihadism and the resurgence of ethnocentrism within the subcontinent and beyond.

Rethinking Islamic Studies

For advocates of Islamic identity politics, a Muslim is only a Muslim. One is neither Sunni nor Shiite, neither Sufi nor Wahhabi. Islamic identity thus becomes synonymous with a unitary group identity. For Kevin Avruch this notion ...

Rethinking Islamic Studies

Rethinking Islamic Studies

Rethinking Islamic Studies upends scholarly roadblocks in post-Orientalist discourse within contemporary Islamic studies and carves fresh inroads toward a robust new understanding of the discipline, one that includes religious studies and other politically infused fields of inquiry. Editors Carl W. Ernst and Richard C. Martin, along with a distinguished group of scholars, map the trajectory of the study of Islam and offer innovative approaches to the theoretical and methodological frameworks that have traditionally dominated the field. In the volume's first section the contributors reexamine the underlying notions of modernity in the East and West and allow for the possibility of multiple and incongruent modernities. This opens a discussion of fundamentalism as a manifestation of the tensions of modernity in Muslim cultures. The second section addresses the volatile character of Islamic religious identity as expressed in religious and political movements at national and local levels. In the third section, contributors focus on Muslim communities in Asia and examine the formation of religious models and concepts as they appear in this region. This study concludes with an afterword by accomplished Islamic studies scholar Bruce B. Lawrence reflecting on the evolution of this post-Orientalist approach to Islam and placing the volume within existing and emerging scholarship. Rethinking Islamic Studies offers original perspectives for the discipline, each utilizing the tools of modern academic inquiry, to help illuminate contemporary incarnations of Islam for a growing audience of those invested in a sharper understanding of the Muslim world.

Rethinking Islamic Legal Modernism

These identity symbols are extremely important for defending Muslims against the Western secular cultural onslaught, especially when Muslims reside as a minority in non-Muslim states. According to Qaradawi, the Qurʾan does not include ...

Rethinking Islamic Legal Modernism

Rethinking Islamic Legal Modernism

In Rethinking Islamic Legal Modernism Ron Shaham presents Yusuf al-Qaradawi (b. 1926) as a genuine student of Rashid Rida (d. 1935) and offers an extensive analysis of Qaradawi's Wasati theory of ijtihad and its application in his legal opinions (fatwas).

Rethinking Halal

As part of gaining confidence in Islamic identity, the awareness of consequences of Islamic finance and halal markets beyond the fatwas of shariʿa scholars has been making important inroads into Muslim economic, financial, ...

Rethinking Halal

Rethinking Halal

Rethinking Halal reflects an anthropological revolution, that of the scientising, standardising, and normalising of social life through certification which is part of a process of ‘positivisation’ that directly affected Islam and Islamic normativity.

Global and Local Televangelism

... by radical Islamic groups who have turned this to their advantage through redefining Islamic identity for Islamic ... These groups believe that the decline of Arab and Muslim identity is a direct consequence of Western hegemonic ...

Global and Local Televangelism

Global and Local Televangelism

"Televangelism is an evolving global phenomenon. While it may have begun in the USA in the late 1960s, the liberalization of global television in the 1990s along with the spread of satellite and cable television has enabled a variety of global and local expressions of televangelism today. The spread of Islamic television in the Arab world and Indonesia shows no sign of abating, while the Hindu televangelist Baba Ramdev has become a household name through his marketing of yoga-based health and well being products. This book explores and engages with the changing face of global and local televangelism -- with the globalization of Christian televangelism in India, Nigeria, Ghana, Guatemala and Brazil, and with the branded nature of televangelism in contemporary USA. While US style televangelism has influenced its Islamic and Hindu variants, it is clear there is an evolving local tenor that is influenced as much by local cultural and religious practices as by economics and politics. The resurgence of religious identities the world over has been accompanied by the presence of religion in the media. These media have been put to use in multiple intra and inter-religious battles over souls and purses and these struggles, in particular, have been fought out on television screens"--Provided by publisher.

Redefining Islamic Political Thought

altitude and behaviour of the contemporary Muslim governments though these claim to be ' Islamic ' . ... of a magnificent culture and civilization.40 Professor Ahmad is very much vocal in maintaining the Muslim identity at any cost .

Redefining Islamic Political Thought

Redefining Islamic Political Thought


Islamic Leviathan

“Democracy on Trial in Malaysia,” Studies in Contemporary Islam, I, I (Spring 1999): 72–81. , “From Nawaz to General ... Ahmed, Rafiuddin, “Redefining Muslim Identity in South Asia: The Transformation of the Jamaat-i Islami,” in Martin ...

Islamic Leviathan

Islamic Leviathan

Islamization is commonly seen as the work of Islamist movements who have forced their ideology on ruling regimes and other hapless social actors. There is little doubt that ruling regimes and disparate social and political actors alike are pushed in the direction of Islamic politics by Islamist forces. However, Islamist activism and its revolutionary and utopian rhetoric only partly explain this trend. Here, Nasr argues that the state itself plays a key role in embedding Islam in the politics of Muslim countries. Focusing on Malaysia and Pakistan, Nasr argues that the turn to Islam is a facet of the state's drive to establish hegemony over society and expand its powers and control.

Understanding Muslim Identity

Providing a challenging analysis of the discussion about Islamic fundamentalism, this title critically surveys the available theories on extremism.

Understanding Muslim Identity

Understanding Muslim Identity

Providing a challenging analysis of the discussion about Islamic fundamentalism, this title critically surveys the available theories on extremism.

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