From Apocalypticism to Merkabah Mysticism

The Rediscovery of Gnosticism (2 vols.; ed. B. Layton; SHR, 41; Leiden: Brill, 1981), 2.457–458; G. MacRae, “Seth in Gnostic Texts and Traditions,” SBLSP 11 (1977) 24–43; B. Pearson, “The Figure of Seth in Gnostic Literature,” The ...

From Apocalypticism to Merkabah Mysticism

From Apocalypticism to Merkabah Mysticism

This volume represents the first attempt to study Slavonic pseudepigrapha collectively as a unique group of texts that share common theophanic and mediatorial imagery crucial for the development of early Jewish mysticism.

Flores Florentino

Pages 588–616 in The Rediscovery of Gnosticism. Vol. 2. Edited by B. Layton. Leiden: Brill, 1981. Scholem, G. Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism. New York: Schocken, 1941. Repr. of the 3d ed., 1960. ——. Jewish Gnosticism, Merkabah ...

Flores Florentino

Flores Florentino

This volume comprises forty-eight essays, presented by friends, colleagues and students in honour of Florentino Garcia Martinez. The articles are primarily in the field of the Dead Sea Scrolls, but also cover many other fields of Second Temple Judaism, from late biblical texts and Septuagint up to the pseudepigrapha and early rabbinic writings.

Guilt by Association

4 Irenaeus, the “School Called Gnostic,” and the Valentinians the discovery of twelve codices and evidence of a ... 2. B. Layton, ed., The Rediscovery of Gnosticism (2 vols.; Leiden: Brill, 1980). 3. It is also important to note that no ...

Guilt by Association

Guilt by Association

"Guilt by Association explores the creation, publication, and circulation of heresy catalogues by second- and early third-century Christians. Polemicists made use of these religious blacklists, which include the names of heretical teachers along with summaries of their unsavory doctrines and nefarious misdeeds, in order to discredit opponents and advocate their expulsion from the "authentic" Christianity community. The heresy catalogue proved to be an especially effective literary technology in struggles for religious authority and legitimacy because it not only recast rival teachers as menacing adversaries, but also reinforced such characterizations by organizing otherwise unaffiliated teachers into coherent intellectual, social, and scholastic communities that are established and sustained by demonic powers. This study focuses especially on the earliest Christian heresy catalogues, those found within the works of Justin, Irenaeus, Hegesippus, and the authors the Testimony of Truth and the Tripartite Tractate, with a special emphasis on the first two. Justin and Irenaeus receive special attention not because as so-called "fathers of the church" they occupy a privileged position in the historical record, but because by promoting and making use of a particular heresy catalogue, the Syntagma against All the Heresies, they popularized one specific heresiological model at the expense of others. By focusing upon the heresy catalogue, Guilt by Association not only accounts for the emergence of the Christian heresiological tradition; it also sheds new light upon the socio-rhetorical aims of the Pastoral Epistles, the circulation of early Christian literature, the emergence of a distinct Christian identity, and the origins of Gnosticism"--

History of the Concept of Mind

2 vols. Québec: Presses de l'Université Laval. Mahé, J.-P. (1987) 'Hermes Trismegistos', in EER vol. 6, pp. 287–93. ... Culianu, Ioan (1992) The Tree of Gnosis: Gnostic Mythology from Early Christianity to Modern Nihilism.

History of the Concept of Mind

History of the Concept of Mind

Exploring the 'roads less travelled', MacDonald continues his monumental essay in the history of ideas. The history of heterodox ideas about the concept of mind takes the reader from the earliest records about human nature in Ancient Egypt, the Ancient Near East, and the Zoroastrian religion, through the secret teachings in the Hermetic and Gnostic scriptures, and into the transformation of ideas about the mind, soul and spirit in the late antique and early medieval epochs. These transitions include discussion of the influence of Central Asian shamanism, Manichean ideas about the soul in light and darkness, and Neoplatonic theurgy, 'working-on-god-within'. Sections on the medieval period are concerned with the rediscovery of magical practices and occult doctrines from Roger Bacon to Francis Bacon, the adaptation of Neoplatonic and esoteric ideas in the medieval Christian mystics, and the survival of these ideas mixed with natural science in the works of von Helmont, Leibniz and Goethe. The book concludes with an investigation of the many forms of dualism in accounts of the human mind and soul, and the concept of dual-life which underpins our aspiration to understand how humans could have an immortal nature like the gods.

Neoplatonism and Gnosticism

Proceedings published as The Rediscovery of Gnosticism , 2 vols . , Leiden 1981 . New York 1979 . New York 1980 . The Terminology of Plotinus and Some Gnostic Writings , mainly the Fourth Treatise of the Jung Codex ( Istanbul 1961 ) .

Neoplatonism and Gnosticism

Neoplatonism and Gnosticism

In recent decades our view of Gnosticism has been revolutionized by the discovery of a Coptic Gnostic library at Nag-Hammadi, Egypt. Currently, Gnosticism is seen as a phenomenon extending far beyond Christianity and displaying a strong Platonic influence. The opposition between the two systems was certainly not as sharp as Plotinus claimed. Where, why, and how the ideological lines were drawn is discussed in the light of the new historical evidence.

Beyond Gnosticism

... see the comprehensive analysis by Nils A. Dahl, “The Arrogant Archon and the Lewd Sophia: Jewish Traditions in Gnostic Revolt,” in The Rediscovery of Gnosticism, 2 vols., ed. Bentley Layton, SHR 41 (Leiden: Brill, 1981), 2:689–712, ...

Beyond Gnosticism

Beyond Gnosticism

Valentinus (100-160 C.E.) was an influential Gnostic opposed to the practices that would later become part of the Christian orthodoxy. This text covers Valentinus's interpretation of the biblical creation myth, in which he affirms mankind's original immortality and places a special emphasis on the 'frank speech' afforded to Adam by God.

The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible Volume 2

(The standard introduction is K. Rudolph, Gnosis: The Nature and History of Gnosticism [1984]. ... [1970]; W. Schmithals, The Office of Apostle in the Early Church [1971], 114 – 230; B. Layton, The Rediscovery of Gnosticism, 2 vols.

The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible  Volume 2

The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible Volume 2

Revised edition. Volume 2 of 5. The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible has been a classic Bible study resource for more than thirty years. Now thoroughly revised, this new five-volume edition provides up-to-date entries based on the latest scholarship. Beautiful full-color pictures supplement the text, which includes new articles in addition to thorough updates and improvements of existing topics. Different viewpoints of scholarship permit a wellrounded perspective on significant issues relating to doctrines, themes, and biblical interpretation. The goal remains the same: to provide pastors, teachers, students, and devoted Bible readers a comprehensive and reliable library of information. • More than 5,000 pages of vital information on Bible lands and people • More than 7,500 articles alphabetically arranged for easy reference • Hundreds of full-color and black-and-white illustrations, charts, and graphs • 32 pages of full-color maps and hundreds of black-and-white outline maps for ready reference • Scholarly articles ranging across the entire spectrum of theological and biblical topics, backed by the most current body of archaeological research • 238 contributors from around the world

The Cambridge History of Early Christian Literature

B. Layton , The Rediscovery of Gnosticism , 2 vols ( Leiden : Brill , 1980–1 ) . The Gnostic Scriptures ( Garden City , NY : Doubleday & Co. , 1987 ) . A. Logan , Gnostic Truth and Christian Heresy : A Study in the History of Gnosticism ...

The Cambridge History of Early Christian Literature

The Cambridge History of Early Christian Literature

Publisher Description

The Enneads of Plotinus Volume 1

II. 9. [33]. Against. the. Gnostics. Abramowski, Luise. 1983. “Nag Hammadi 8,1 'Zostrianus,' das Anonymum Brucianum, ... Layton, Bentley, ed. 1980–81. The Rediscovery of Gnosticism. 2 vols. Leiden: E.J. Brill. Nédoncelle, Maurice. 1956.

The Enneads of Plotinus  Volume 1

The Enneads of Plotinus Volume 1

This is the first volume of a groundbreaking commentary on one of the most important works of ancient philosophy, the Enneads of Plotinus—a text that formed the basis of Neoplatonism and had a deep influence on early Christian thought and medieval and Renaissance philosophy. This volume covers the first three of the six Enneads, as well as Porphyry's Life of Plotinus, a document in which Plotinus’s student—the collector and arranger of the Enneads—introduces the philosopher and his work. A landmark contribution to modern Plotinus scholarship, Paul Kalligas’s commentary is the most detailed and extensive ever written for the whole of the Enneads. For each of the treatises in the first three Enneads, Kalligas provides a brief introduction that presents the philosophical background against which Plotinus’s contribution can be assessed; a synopsis giving the main lines and the articulation of the argument; and a running commentary placing Plotinus’s thought in its intellectual context and making evident the systematic association of its various parts with each other.

A Companion to Second Century Christian Heretics

The Rediscovery of Gnosticism: Proceedings of the International Conference on Gnosticism at Yale, New Haven, ... 2 vols. Studies in the History of Religions 41. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1980–81. Logan, Alastair H. B. Gnostic Truth and ...

A Companion to Second Century Christian  Heretics

A Companion to Second Century Christian Heretics

The book deals with thinkers and movements that were embraced by many second-century religious seekers but which are now largely forgotten or known only as “heretics”: Basilides, Sethianism, Valentinus’ school, Marcion, Tatian, Bardaisan, Montanists, Cerinthus, Ebionites, Nazarenes, Jewish-Christianity of the Pseudo-Clementines, and Elchasites.

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