Neuroimaging Personality Social Cognition and Character
Release on 2016-01-30 | by John R Absher
This book summarizes the latest brain imaging research pertaining to character with structural and functional human brain imaging in both normal individuals and those with brain disease or disorder, including psychiatric disorders.
Neuroimaging Personality, Social Cognition, and Character covers the science of combining brain imaging with other analytical techniques for use in understanding cognition, behavior, consciousness, memory, language, visual perception, emotional control, and other human attributes. Multidimensional brain imaging research has led to a greater understanding of character traits such as honesty, generosity, truthfulness, and foresight previously unachieved by quantitative mapping. This book summarizes the latest brain imaging research pertaining to character with structural and functional human brain imaging in both normal individuals and those with brain disease or disorder, including psychiatric disorders. By reviewing and synthesizing the latest structural and functional brain imaging research related to character, this book situates itself into the larger framework of cognitive neuroscience, psychiatric neuroimaging, related fields of research, and a wide range of academic fields, such as politics, psychology, medicine, education, law, and religion. Provides a novel innovative reference on the emerging use of neuroimaging to reveal the biological substrates of character, such as optimism, honesty, generosity, and others Features chapters from leading physicians and researchers in the field Contains full-color text that includes both an overview of multiple disciplines and a detailed review of modern neuroimaging tools as they are applied to study human character Presents an integrative volume with far-reaching implications for guiding future imaging research in the social, psychological and medical sciences, and for applying these findings to a wide range of non-clinical disciplines such as law, politics, and religion Connects brain structure and function to human character and integrates modern neuroimaging techniques and other research methods for this purpose
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology
Release on 2020-03 | by Bertram Gawronski
The neuroscience of social vision. In J. Cloutier & J. R. Absher (Eds.), Neuroimaging personality, social cognition and character: Traits and mental states in the brain (pp. 139–157). Elsevier. Stolier, R. M., & Freeman, J. B. (2016).
The Advances in Experimental Social Psychology series is the premier outlet for reviews of mature, high-impact research programs in social psychology. Contributions to the series provide defining pieces of established research programs, reviewing and integrating thematically related findings by individual scholars or research groups. Topics discussed in Volume 61 include Worldview Conflict and Prejudice, Money and Happiness, Attitude Representation, Emotion Regulation, and Social Perception. Provides one of the most cited series in the field of experimental social psychology Contains contributions of major empirical and theoretical interest Represents the best and brightest in new research, theory, and practice in social psychology
Hate Unleashed America s Cataclysmic Change
Release on 2017-12-01 | by Edward W. Dunbar
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 763–775. Goebbels, J. (1934). ... In J. R. Absher & J. Cloutier (Eds.), Neuroimaging personality, social cognition, and character: Traits and mental states in the brain.
This book investigates the psychological factors that led to the election of Donald Trump and the accompanying escalation of hate violence and intolerance in the United States. It also spells out the challenge for Americans living in a time of political conservatism and unbridled hostility towards minorities, immigrants, and socially progressive individuals—and what democratic-minded people can do to take action. • Presents and examines presidential polling data and the discernible relationship to hate crime incidence data • Looks at data on victims of post-election 2016 hate incidents • Identifies the patterns in and correlations between historical violence, political differences, and voting patterns • Shows how demographic information regarding economics and poverty could have strongly predicted the 2016 election outcome
The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology
Release on 2018-10-02 | by Kay Deaux
The neuroscience of social vision. In J. Cloutier & J. R. Absher (Eds.), Neuroimaging personality, social cognition and character: Traits and mental states in the brain (pp. 139–157). New York: Elsevier. Sze, J. A., Goodkind, M. S., ...
The second edition of The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology beautifully captures the history, current status, and future prospects of personality and social psychology. Building on the successes and strengths of the first edition, this second edition of the Handbook combines the two fields of personality and social psychology into a single, integrated volume, offering readers a unique and generative agenda for psychology. Over their history, personality and social psychology have had varying relationships with each other-sometimes highly overlapping and intertwined, other times contrasting and competing. Edited by Kay Deaux and Mark Snyder, this Handbook is dedicated to the proposition that personality and social psychology are best viewed in conjunction with one another and that the synergy to be gained from considering links between the two fields can do much to move both areas of research forward in order to better enrich our collective understanding of human nature. Contributors to this Handbook not only offer readers fascinating examples of work that cross the boundaries of personality and social psychology, but present their work in such a way that thinks deeply about the ways in which a unified social-personality perspective can provide us with a greater understanding of the phenomena that concern psychological investigators. The chapters of this Handbook effortlessly weave together work from both disciplines, not only in areas of longstanding concern, but also in newly emerging fields of inquiry, addressing both distinctive contributions and common ground. In so doing, they offer compelling evidence for the power and the potential of an integrated approach to personality and social psychology today.
Personality and Individual Differences
Release on 2018-12-13 | by Philip Corr
A two-dimensional neuropsychology of defense: Fear/anxiety and defensive distance. Neuroscience and ... In J. R. Absher & J. Cloutier (Eds.), Neuroimaging personality, social cognition and character. San Diego, CA: Elsevier.
Revisiting the Classic Studies is a series of texts that introduces readers to the studies in psychology that changed the way we think about core topics in the discipline today. It provokes students to ask more interesting and challenging questions about the field by encouraging a deeper level of engagement, both with the details of the studies themselves and with the nature of their contribution. Edited by leading scholars in their field and written by researchers at the cutting edge of these developments, the chapters in each text provide details of the original works and their theoretical and empirical impact, and then discuss the ways in which thinking and research has advanced in the years since the studies were conducted. Personality and Individual Differences: Revisiting the Classic Studies traces 14 ground-breaking studies by researchers such as Hans Eysenck, Raymond Cattell, Ernest Tupes and Raymond Christal to re-examine and reflect on their findings and engage in a lively discussion of the subsequent work that they have inspired.
The Psychology of Political Behavior in a Time of Change
Release on 2020-10-23 | by Jan D. Sinnott
One nation under Retrieved from https://www.hbo.com/ documentaries/one-nation-under-stress Haas, I. J. (2016). Political neuroscience. In J. R. Absher & J. Cloutier (Eds.), Neuroimaging, personality, social cognition, and character (pp.
This volume seeks to add a unique perspective on the complex relationship between psychology and politics, focusing on three analytical points of view: 1) psychology, politics, and complex thought, 2) bio/psycho/social factors of masculinity and power, and 3) underlying factors in political behavior. Contributors examine recent political events worldwide through a psychological lens, using interdisciplinary approaches to seek a deeper understanding of contemporary political ideas, psychologies, and behaviors. Finally, the book offers suggestions for surviving and thriving during rapid political change. Among the topics discussed: Biopsychological factors of political beliefs and behaviors Understanding political polarization through a cognitive lens Impact of psychological processes on voter decision making Motivations for believing in conspiracy theories Nonverbal cues in leadership Authoritarian responses to social change The Psychology of Political Behavior in a Time of Change is a timely and insightful volume for students and researchers in psychology, political science, gender studies, business and marketing, and sociology, as well as those working in applied settings: practitioners, government workers, NGOs, corporate organizations.
Release on 2018-01-23 | by Amy Alkon
Statistical Modeling, Causal Inference, and Social Science. www.andrewgelman.com. Gelman, Andrew, and David Weakliem. ... The Neuropsychology of Anxiety. 2nd ed. ... In Neuroimaging Personality, Social Cognition, and Character, edited by.
Amy Alkon presents Unf*ckology, a “science-help” book that knocks the self-help genre on its unscientific ass. You can finally stop fear from being your boss and put an end to your lifelong social suckage. Have you spent your life shrinking from opportunities you were dying to seize but feel “that’s just who I am”? Well, screw that! You actually can change, and it doesn’t take exceptional intelligence or a therapist who’s looking forward to finally buying Aruba after decades of listening to you yammer on. Transforming yourself takes revolutionary science-help from Amy Alkon, who has spent the past 20 years translating cutting-edge behavioral science into highly practical advice in her award-winning syndicated column. In Unf*ckology, Alkon pulls together findings from neuroscience, behavioral science, evolutionary psychology, and clinical psychology. She explains everything in language you won’t need a psych prof on speed-dial to understand—and with the biting dark humor that made Good Manners for Nice People Who Sometimes Say F*ck such a great read. She debunks widely-accepted but scientifically unsupported notions about self-esteem, shame, willpower, and more and demonstrates that: - Thinking your way into changing (as so many therapists and self-help books advise) is the most inefficient way to go about it. - The mind is bigger than the brain, meaning that your body and your behavior are your gym for turning yourself into the new, confident you. - Fear is not just the problem; it’s also the solution. - By targeting your fears with behavior, you make changes in your brain that reshape your habitual ways of behaving and the emotions that go with them. Follow Amy Alkon's groundbreaking advice in Unf*ckology, and eventually, you’ll no longer need to act like the new you; you’ll become the new you. And how totally f*cking cool is that?
Twenty Ways to Assess Personnel
Release on 2021-07 | by Adrian Furnham
Personality and Individual Differences, 4, 371–380. Gao, Q., Qiang, X., ... Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 257. ... In J. R. Abscher, & J. Cloutlier (Eds.), Neuroimaging personality, social cognition, and character (pp. 305–322).
We have many ways to assess people, but which method is best? Discover psychology-based methods optimized for accuracy.
Can You Learn to Be Lucky
Release on 2018-08-14 | by Karla Starr
27 Nummenmaa et al., “Emotions Promote Social Interaction by Synchronizing Brain Activity across Individuals”; Piotr Winkielman et al., “Embodiment of Cognition and Emotion,” in APA Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology, vol.
“I don't know when I've been so wowed by a new author” –Chip Health, co-author of The Power of Moments and Switch A talented journalist reveals the hidden patterns behind what we call "luck" -- and shows us how we can all improve outcomes despite life’s inevitable randomness. "Do you believe in luck?" is a polarizing question, one you might ask on a first date. Some of us believe that we make our own luck. Others see inequality everywhere and think that everyone’s fate is at the whim of the cosmos. Karla Starr has a third answer: unlucky, "random" outcomes have predictable effects on our behavior that often make us act in self-defeating ways without even realizing it. In this groundbreaking book, Starr traces wealth, health, and happiness back to subconscious neurological processes, blind cultural assumptions, and tiny details you're in the habit of overlooking. Each chapter reveals how we can cultivate personal strengths to overcome life’s unlucky patterns. For instance: • Everyone has free access to that magic productivity app—motivation. The problem? It isn’t evenly distributed. What lucky accidents of history explain patterns behind why certain groups of people are more motivated in some situations than others? • If you look like an underperforming employee, your resume can't override the gut-level assumptions that a potential boss will make from your LinkedIn photo. How can we make sure that someone’s first impression is favorable? • Just as people use irrelevant traits to make assumptions about your intelligence, kindness, and trustworthiness, we also make inaccurate snap judgments. How do these judgments affect our interactions, and what should we assume about others to maximize our odds of having lucky encounters? We don’t always realize when the world's invisible biases work to our advantage or recognize how much of a role we play in our own lack of luck. By ending the guessing game about how luck works, Starr allows you to improve your fortunes while expending minimal effort.
Adult Development and Aging
Release on 2018-01-01 | by John C. Cavanaugh
In J. R. Absher & J. Cloutier (Eds.), Neuroimaging personality, social cognition, and character (pp. 259–278). San Diego, CA: Elsevier. Ziegler, M., Cengia, A., Mussel, P., & Gerstorf, D. (2015). Openness as a buffer against cognitive ...
Written within a bio-psychosocial framework, Cavanaugh and Blanchard-Fields' best-selling text covers the specific ages-stages of adult development and aging. In its unparalleled coverage of current research and theory, the authors draw clear connections between research and application. The book's focus on positive aging and the gains and losses people experience across adulthood distinguish it from its competitors. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-10-04 - Publisher: Aspen Publishers
The Glannon Guide to Professional Responsibility is a clear, concise textbook on the important topic of professional responsibility in legal practice. Using the tried-and-true Glannon Guide format of topical explanation followed by multiple-choice questions and explanations of the answers, the book allows students not only to learn and review course
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-04-26 - Publisher: West Academic Publishing
Learning Professional Responsibility engages students by offering colorful, real-life examples of how the Professional Responsibility rules guide and regulate lawyers in the everyday practice of law. This textbook deconstructs the ethics rules and bypasses long case-law narratives in favor of clear examples and illustrations drawing on ethics opinions, current events
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-01-29 - Publisher: Routledge
Responsibility and professionalism are increasingly issues of concern for professional associations, employers and educators alike. When bad things happen, professionals are often held personally accountable for complex situations. Professional Responsibility and Professionalism advances our approaches to professional responsibility from individual-centred, virtue-based prescriptions towards understanding and responding effectively to the multifaceted
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-03-14 - Publisher: Routledge
This book presents leading-edge perspectives and methodologies to address emerging issues of concern for professional learning in contemporary society. The conditions for professional practice and learning are changing dramatically in the wake of globalization, new modes of knowledge production, new regulatory regimes, and increased economic-political pressures. In the wake of
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-08-27 - Publisher: Wolters Kluwer
Law school classroom lectures can leave you with a lot of questions. Glannon Guides can help you better understand your classroom lecture with straightforward explanations of tough concepts with hypos that help you understand their application. The Glannon Guide is your proven partner throughout the semester when you need a