Lorenzo de Zavala

On July 15 , the captain wrote to Colonel Domingo de Ugartechea , his superior in San Antonio de Bexar , that the fugitive Zavala was at the mouth of the Brazos . Four days later , Ugartechea sent an order to the captain to arrest ...

Lorenzo de Zavala

Lorenzo de Zavala

Anglo historians have generally ignored Zavala except for brief references. A few contemporary Texans admired his political talents, but most suspected his motives.

Compendio historial de la Provincia de Guipuzcoa With an introduction by R de Guereca Apendice de las memorias que tiene la Provincia de Guipuzcoa en obras ineditas de L Garcia de Salazar y otros autores por Don R de Floranes

Juan de Iria , vecino de la villa de Alegria , indiano , que habrá quince años que murió , dejó ochocientos y sesen la ... Domingo de Zavala , escribano de cámara , natural de Vergara dejó una memoria perpetua en el lugar de Fuente de ...

Compendio historial de la     Provincia de Guipuzcoa   With an introduction by R  de Guereca    Apendice de las memorias que tiene la Provincia de Guipuzcoa en obras ineditas de L  Garcia de Salazar y otros autores  por Don R  de Floranes

Compendio historial de la Provincia de Guipuzcoa With an introduction by R de Guereca Apendice de las memorias que tiene la Provincia de Guipuzcoa en obras ineditas de L Garcia de Salazar y otros autores por Don R de Floranes


A Mexican Family Empire

Vicente de Urizar to José Miguel SN, July 11, 1787, SNP (2039). ... SNP (902); Juan Antonio deZavala to Domingo de Berrio y Zavala, December 11, 1794, SNP (773); “Cuenta delo que tengo remitido ...,” December 13, 1794, ...

A Mexican Family Empire

A Mexican Family Empire

Perhaps no other institution has had a more significant impact on Latin American history than the large landed estate—the hacienda. In Mexico, the latifundio, an estate usually composed of two or more haciendas, dominated the social and economic structure of the country for four hundred years. A Mexican Family Empire is a careful examination of the largest latifundio ever to have existed, not only in Mexico but also in all of Latin America—the latifundio of the Sánchez Navarros. Located in the northern state of Coahuila, the Sánchez Navarro family's latifundio was composed of seventeen haciendas and covered more than 16.5 million acres—the size of West Virginia. Charles H. Harris places the history of the latifundio in perspective by showing the interaction between the various activities of the Sánchez Navarros and the evolution of landholding itself. In his discussion of the acquisition of land, the technology of ranching, labor problems, and production on the Sánchez Navarro estate, and of the family's involvement in commerce and politics, Harris finds that the development of the latifundio was only one aspect in the Sánchez Navarros' rise to power. Although the Sánchez Navarros conformed in some respects to the stereotypes advanced about hacendados, in terms of landownership and the use of debt peonage, in many important areas a different picture emerges. For example, the family's salient characteristic was a business mentality; they built the latifundio to make money, with status only a secondary consideration. Moreover, the family's extensive commercial activities belie the generalization that the objective of every hacendado was to make the estates self-sufficient. Harris emphasizes the great importance of the Sánchez Navarros' widespread network of family connections in their commercial and political activities. A Mexican Family Empire is based on the Sánchez Navarro papers—75,000 pages of personal letters, business correspondence, hacienda reports and inventories, wills, land titles, and court records spanning the period from 1658 to 1895. Harris's thorough research of these documents has resulted in the first complete social, economic, and political history of a great estate. The geographical and chronological boundaries of his study permit analysis of both continuity and change in Mexico's evolving socioeconomic structure during one of the most decisive periods in its history—the era of transition from colony to nation.

Texas and Northeastern Mexico 1630 1690

... Chapa assesses the administrations of Governor Martín de Zavala (whom he first served), Domingo de Pruneda, Domingo de Vidagaray, Juan de Echeverría, Alonso de León (the younger), and the first Marqués de San Miguel de Aguayo.

Texas and Northeastern Mexico  1630   1690

Texas and Northeastern Mexico 1630 1690

This authoritative, annotated translation of the 17th century text is essential reading for historians of New Spain and Spanish Texas. In the seventeenth century, South Texas and Northeastern Mexico formed El Nuevo Reino de León, a frontier province of New Spain. In 1690, Juan Bautista Chapa penned a richly detailed history of Nuevo León for the years 1630 to 1690. Although his Historia de Nuevo León was not published until 1909, it has since been acclaimed as the key contemporary document for any historical study of Spanish colonial Texas. This book offers the only accurate and annotated English translation of Chapa's Historia. In addition to the translation, William C. Foster also summarizes the Discourses of Alonso de León (the elder), which cover the years 1580 to 1649. The appendix includes a translation of Alonso (the younger) de León's previously unpublished revised diary of the 1690 expedition to East Texas and an alphabetical listing of over 80 Indian tribes identified in this book. Chapa’s Historia lists the names and locations of over 300 Indian tribes. This information, together with descriptions of the vegetation, wildlife, and climate in seventeenth-century Texas, make this book essential reading for ethnographers, anthropologists, and biogeographers, as well as students and scholars of Spanish borderlands history.

A Nation Upon the Ocean Sea

On the rising antipathy directed at foreign merchants in a time of deepening commercial contraction, see the exchange between Juan Gallardo de Cespedes, Domingo de Zavala, and Pedro de Avendan ̃o Villela in MNM Nav., 23(2), 610–629. 11.

A Nation Upon the Ocean Sea

A Nation Upon the Ocean Sea

By recovering the inner life of the Portuguese trade diaspora (1492-1640), this book explores the relations between mobility and community; domestic sociability and trade expansion; commercial experience and early capitalist ideology; and cultural hybridity, transnationalism, and the Spanish empire.

Imprudent King

1575; HSA Altamira 7/III/29 Domingo de Zavala to Philip, Madrid, 17 Nov. 1575, copy; IVdeDJ, 37/72, Requesens to Zúñiga, 12 Nov. 1575. IVdeDJ 60/138–43, Pérez to Philip and rescript, 23 Mar. 1576. Carlos Morales, Felipe II, 264, ...

Imprudent King

Imprudent King

Drawing on four decades of research and a recent archival discovery, revises the biography of the sixteenth-century monarch as it relates to his work, religion, and personal life, and sheds light on the causes of his leadership failures.

North American Exploration

He further declared that , on behalf of his son , Nicolás Vizcaíno de Lezama , he had begun construction of a ship on the ... Francisco de Ortega , who with his brother , Hernando , and Domingo de Zavala had attempted to rob him and had ...

North American Exploration

North American Exploration

The three volumes that will encompass North American Exploration appraise the full scope of the exploration of the North American continent and its oceanic margins from prior to the arrival of Columbus until the end of the nineteenth century. More than an assessment of historical events, these volumes portray the process of exploration. Without forgetting the romance of exploration, the authors recognize that exploration is a great deal more than the adventures themselves. All explorers are conditioned by the time, place, and circumstances of their efforts; these determine objectives, the behavior of explorers, and the consequences of their discoveries. In this first volume we follow the expansion of knowledge from the world of the pre-Columbian explorers through the end of the sixteenth century, with each topic addressed by an expert, and all fitting into a coherent whole. The volume is enhanced by a discussion of the geographical knowledge and beliefs of the native peoples of the North American continent, and how this knowledge influenced the efforts and understanding of the Europeans. John Logan Allen is a professor of geography at the University of Connecticut. He is the author of Passage through the Garden: Lewis and Clark and the Image of the American Northwest.

Protagonists of War

Philip II to Requesens, Aranjuez, 12 June 1574, Dávila, Memorial; Domingo de Zavala, Antwerp, 24 January 1575, Dávila, Memorial. Already on 10 April, four days before the battle, it was clear that the soldiers were close to mutiny: ...

Protagonists of War

Protagonists of War

Julián Romero, Sancho Dávila, Cristóbal de Mondragón, and Francisco de Valdés were prominent Spanish military commanders during the first decade of the Revolt in the Low Countries (1567–1577). Occupying key positions in this conflict, they featured as central characters in various war narratives and episodical descriptions of the events they were involved in, ranging from chronicles, poems, theatre plays, engravings, and songs to news pamphlets. To this day, they still figure as protagonists of historical novels: brave heroes in some, cruel oppressors in others. Yet personal, first-hand accounts also exist. Archival research into the letters written by these commanders now makes it possible to include their perspectives and the way they describe their own experiences. Looking through the eyes of four Spanish commanders, Protagonists of War provides the reader with an alternative reading of the Revolt, contrasting the subjective experiences of these protagonists with fictionalised perceptions.

The Spanish Connection

In 1612, the administrator of the Almojarifazgo Mayor of Seville, Domingo de Zavala even stated that the Indies trade of Seville was in the hands of 20 to 30 foreign merchants who controlled it together with six to eight peruleros.108 ...

The Spanish Connection

The Spanish Connection

In early modern times, Seville was the most important hub for the transatlantic economy. It attracted a large number of foreign merchants who connected the American with the European markets. While the transatlantic axis of this trade has drawn much attention in historiography, the connection between Seville and the European Atlantic coast has largely been ignored. Therefore, this book analyzes the central actors of this trade route who were the Flemish and French merchants of Seville. Following their commercial activities, it shows features of their private and business networks in Seville and displays fundamental structures and processes of the European and transatlantic economy.

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