Nicaea and its Legacy

Lewis Ayres offers a new account of the most important century in the development of Christian belief after Christ.

Nicaea and its Legacy

Nicaea and its Legacy

Lewis Ayres offers a new account of the most important century in the development of Christian belief after Christ. He shows how the doctrine of the Trinity was developed, and in particular argues that a conception of God's mysteriousness and spiritual progress towards understanding is central to that doctrine.

Nicaea and its Legacy

Nevertheless, Asterius was an important defender of Arius before Nicaea, and after Nicaea his theology became one of the main sparks for the continuing controversy as he attempted to defend Eusebius of Nicomedia against the attacks of ...

Nicaea and its Legacy

Nicaea and its Legacy

The first part of Nicaea and its Legacy offers a narrative of the fourth-century trinitarian controversy. It does not assume that the controversy begins with Arius, but with tensions among existing theological strategies. Lewis Ayres argues that, just as we cannot speak of one `Arian' theology, so we cannot speak of one `Nicene' theology either, in 325 or in 381. The second part of the book offers an account of the theological practices and assumptions within which pro-Nicene theologians assumed their short formulae and creeds were to be understood. Ayres also argues that there is no fundamental division between eastern and western trinitarian theologies at the end of the fourth century. The last section of the book challenges modern post-Hegelian trinitarian theology to engage with Nicaea more deeply.

Augustine and the Trinity

LATin PRo-niCEnE THEoLogy The Latin Nicene texts discussed in Chapter 1 are more appropriately labelled pro-Nicene. ... For a more extensive discussion of the term, see my Nicaea and its Legacy: An Approach to Fourth-Century Trinitarian ...

Augustine and the Trinity

Augustine and the Trinity

Augustine of Hippo (354–430) strongly influenced western theology, but he has often been accused of over-emphasizing the unity of God to the detriment of the Trinity. In Augustine and the Trinity, Lewis Ayres offers a new treatment of this important figure, demonstrating how Augustine's writings offer one of the most sophisticated early theologies of the Trinity developed after the Council of Nicaea (325). Building on recent research, Ayres argues that Augustine was influenced by a wide variety of earlier Latin Christian traditions which stressed the irreducibility of Father, Son and Spirit. Augustine combines these traditions with material from non-Christian Neoplatonists in a very personal synthesis. Ayres also argues that Augustine shaped a powerful account of Christian ascent toward understanding of, as well as participation in the divine life, one that begins in faith and models itself on Christ's humility.

Athanasius and His Legacy

Trinitarian-Incarnational Soteriology and Its Reception Thomas G. Weinandy, Daniel A. Keating. 1. 1 Athanasius and the Council of Nicaea “Athanasius against the world.” Historically this was the epithet for Athanasius's singular defense ...

Athanasius and His Legacy

Athanasius and His Legacy

Thomas G. Weinandy, OFM, Cap., and Daniel A. Keating introduce readers to one the key thinkers of the fourth century and the chief architect of Christian doctrine: Athanasius. The authors carefully illuminate Athanasius‘s crucial text Against the Arians, unfolding the Trinitarian and incarnation framework of Athanasius‘s paramount concern (soteriology), and providing, in the second part, a robust map of the reception and influence of Athanasius‘s thought-from its immediate impact on the late fourth and fifth centuries (in the Cappadocians and Cyril) to its significance in the Eastern and Western traditions and its reception in contemporary thought.

Simply Trinity

Dünz, Trinity in the Early Church, 89; Ayres, Nicaea and Its Legacy, 144–49, 198. 13. Greek: Homoios kat' energeian. 14. Dünz, Trinity in the Early Church, 90–91; Ayres, Nicaea and Its Legacy, 149–53. 15. Greek: Homoios kat' ousian.

Simply Trinity

Simply Trinity

What if the Trinity we've been taught is not the Trinity of the Bible? In this groundbreaking book, Matthew Barrett reveals a shocking discovery: we have manipulated the Trinity, recreating the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit in our own image. With clarity and creativity, Barrett mines the Scriptures as well as the creeds and confessions of the faith to help you rediscover the beauty, simplicity, and majesty of our Triune God. You will be surprised to learn that what you believe about the Trinity has untold consequences for salvation and the Christian life. To truly know God, you must meet the One who is simply Trinity.

Joseph Smith s Tritheism

The Prophet's Theology in Historical Context, Critiqued from a Nicene Perspective Dayton Hartman. 185. 186. 35–36. 187. 188. 189. 190. 191. 192. ... Ayers, Nicaea and its Legacy, 3. Hanson, The Search for the Christian Doctrine of God, ...

Joseph Smith   s Tritheism

Joseph Smith s Tritheism

"I have always declared God to be a distinct personage, Jesus Christ a separate and distinct personage from God the Father, and that the Holy Ghost was a distinct personage and a Spirit: and these three constitute three distinct personages and three Gods." --Joseph Smith Few figures in North American religious history are quite as enigmatic as Joseph Smith. His unabashed adherence to tritheism gave birth to one of the most influential religious movements in American history. Many attempts have been made to engage his life and unorthodox theology. However, Joseph Smith's Tritheism is a unique text that blends church history, thoughtful theological exegesis, and evangelical apologetics in an attempt to engage Joseph Smith's theology anew.

The Trinitarian Theology of Basil of Caesarea

“Neo-Nicene” often carries the weight of its origin: it was first used to designate Theodor Zahn's and Adolf von Harnack's misinterpretation of Cappadocian theology as really “Semi-Arian” tritheism; see Ayers, Nicaea and Its Legacy, ...

The Trinitarian Theology of Basil of Caesarea

The Trinitarian Theology of Basil of Caesarea

This book explores Basil's Trinitarian thought as the meeting place of the worlds within which he lived, that of ancient Greek culture and learning, and that of Christian faith lived in the liturgy and expressed in the Scripture.

Introducing Christian Theologies Volume One

Ayres, Nicaea and Its Legacy, 15; Young, From Nicaea to Chalcedon, Arius, Thalia, quoted in Williams, Arius, 62. Kelly, Early Christian Doctrines, 231. Ibid. Beatrice, “Word 'Homoousios' from Hellenism to Christianity,” Quoted in Kelly, ...

Introducing Christian Theologies  Volume One

Introducing Christian Theologies Volume One

Should Christianity's theological face remain largely European and North American in the twenty-first century in the wake of the expansion of Christianity in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and Latin America? The question about the "theological face" of Christianity cannot be ignored. For too long African, Asian, and Latin American theologians have been left out of mainstream theological discussions. Few standard textbooks on Christian theology acknowledge the unique contributions theologians from these continents have made to global Christianity. Introducing Christian Theologies: Voices from Global Christian Communities is a two-volume textbook that alters the predominantly European and North American "theological face" of Christianity by interacting with the voices of the Christian communities from around the globe. Introducing Christian Theologies explores the works of key theologians from across the globe, highlighting their unique contributions to Christian theology and doctrine.

Divine Simplicity

Lewis Ayres, Nicaea and Its Legacy: An Approach to FourthCentury Trinitarian Theology (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006). 26. Paul R. Hinlicky, Beloved Community: Critical Dogmatics after Christendom (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2015), ...

Divine Simplicity

Divine Simplicity

A Fresh Articulation of the Unity of God This volume critiques various ways divine simplicity--which suggests God's being is identical to God's attributes--has shaped Christian theology and offers a fresh articulation of the unity of God. The author proposes that the concept of divine simplicity, carried over from the Greek metaphysical tradition, was heedlessly incorporated into the language of Christian trinitarian theology during the patristic period. He identifies numerous problems that have resulted from its retention in postpatristic Christian dogmatics, arguing that uncritical use of the concept renders the biblical God inexpressible and unknowable. This major contribution to contemporary trinitarian dogmatics also contains a unique approach to the problem of Christian-Muslim relations.

Interpreting Scripture with the Great Tradition

See also Ayres, Nicaea and Its Legacy, 328. 10. Ayres, Nicaea and Its Legacy, 328. 11. Ambrose, “On the Holy Spirit,” chap. 16, p. 114. Ayres, Nicaea and Its Legacy, 328. Ayres, Nicaea and Its Legacy, 328. Calvin, Institutes, 35.

Interpreting Scripture with the Great Tradition

Interpreting Scripture with the Great Tradition

The rise of modernity, especially the European Enlightenment and its aftermath, has negatively impacted the way we understand the nature and interpretation of Christian Scripture. In this introduction to biblical interpretation, Craig Carter evaluates the problems of post-Enlightenment hermeneutics and offers an alternative approach: exegesis in harmony with the Great Tradition. Carter argues for the validity of patristic christological exegesis, showing that we must recover the Nicene theological tradition as the context for contemporary exegesis, and seeks to root both the nature and interpretation of Scripture firmly in trinitarian orthodoxy.

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