Nutritional Influences on Bone Health

Nutritional Influences on Bone Health presents a collection of papers from the 8th International Symposium on Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis, the primary forum for and only regular meeting exclusively devoted to the topic of ...

Nutritional Influences on Bone Health

Nutritional Influences on Bone Health

Nutritional Influences on Bone Health presents a collection of papers from the 8th International Symposium on Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis, the primary forum for and only regular meeting exclusively devoted to the topic of nutritional influences on bone health. The outcome is a fusion of the most current and up-to-date research in this area. Key themes include the permeation of the Western diet across the globe, calcium, vitamin D and acid-base balance. Written by authorities on the impact of nutrition on bone health, Nutritional Influences on Bone Health brings the reader the emerging trends, new messages and the latest scientific data in the field, to inform future research and clinical practice. This comprehensive, well researched volume is an essential reference for professionals in the field of bone health and nutrition.

Nutritional Influences on Bone Health

This book comprehensively covers the topics and discussions covered at the 10th International Symposium on Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis.

Nutritional Influences on Bone Health

Nutritional Influences on Bone Health

This book comprehensively covers the topics and discussions covered at the 10th International Symposium on Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis. It is the only international meeting that exclusively covers the role of nutrition on musculoskeletal health and function. Current thinking on the role of nutrition on bone and muscle development and health, and as a means of preventing osteoporosis, falls and fractures is covered. The latest evidence on the potential roles that protein, potassium, B vitamins, vitamin D, omega-3 fatty acids, and flavonoids in the context of bone and muscle health are also discussed. Nutritional Influences on Bone Health reviews the role of nutrition in bone health and its potential role in preventing osteoporosis and sarcopenia in ageing populations, providing a valuable and practically applicable resource for practising and trainee health and medical professionals.

Nutritional Influences on Bone Health

The 9th International Symposium is the only regular meeting in the bone field to be exclusively devoted to nutrition, bone and muscle, and it allows the authors of this book to review the new scientific data, discuss new concepts, and ...

Nutritional Influences on Bone Health

Nutritional Influences on Bone Health

The 9th International Symposium is the only regular meeting in the bone field to be exclusively devoted to nutrition, bone and muscle, and it allows the authors of this book to review the new scientific data, discuss new concepts, and update the knowledge on several nutrients. The Symposium provides a unique opportunity to connect health professionals, researchers and industry across many disciplines, including nutrition and dietetics, exercise science, gerontology, nursing, general practice, academia and the food and fitness industry. Most causes for osteoporosis, like genetics, age, menopause, and associated diseases with their treatments, are not modifiable. The investigation of the influence of nutrition on bone health is important as a key modifiable factor of the development of bone and the prevention of osteoporosis. It is the privilege of this symposium to gather every three years with scientists from all over the world working in this field.

Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis

Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis is based on presentations given at the Fifth International Symposium on Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis held in Lausanne, Switzerland in 2003.

Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis

Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis

Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis is based on presentations given at the Fifth International Symposium on Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis held in Lausanne, Switzerland in 2003. Although an often neglected chapter of medical research, the nutritional influences on bone health was a discussed topic at this congress. Also discussed were new insights into the role of proteins, vitamins, potassium, vegetables, food acid load, mineral waters and calcium. Based on presentations given at the Fifth International Symposium on Nutrional Aspects of Osteoporosis held in Lausanne, Switzerland in 2003 Medical research, the nutritional influences on bone health was covered New insights into the role of proteins, vitamins, potassium, vegetables, food acid load, mineral waters and calcium

Nutrition and Bone Health

This newly revised edition contains updated versions of all of the topics that were in the first edition and has been substantially expanded with an additional 5 chapters.

Nutrition and Bone Health

Nutrition and Bone Health

This newly revised edition contains updated versions of all of the topics that were in the first edition and has been substantially expanded with an additional 5 chapters. Each chapter includes information from the most up-to-date research on how nutritional factors can affect bone health, written with an evidence-based focus and complete with comprehensive references for each subject. Nutrition and Bone Health, second edition covers all aspects of nutrition and the skeleton, from the history and fundamentals, to the effects of macronutrients, minerals, vitamins, and supplements, and even covers the effects of lifestyle, the different life stages, and nutrition-related disorders and secondary osteoporosis. New chapters include HIV & AIDs and the skeleton, celiac disease and bone health, and nutrition and bone health in space. Nutrition and Bone Health, second edition is a necessary resource for health care professionals, medical students, graduate students, dietitians, and nutritionists who are interested in how nutrition affects bone health during all stages of life.

Diet Nutrients and Bone Health

Presenting recent advancements in research findings and the resulting new schools of thought on the physiology of human bone, this comprehensive reference examines information on dietary pattern and specific nutrients in bone health.

Diet  Nutrients  and Bone Health

Diet Nutrients and Bone Health

Presenting recent advancements in research findings and the resulting new schools of thought on the physiology of human bone, this comprehensive reference examines information on dietary pattern and specific nutrients in bone health. Written by experts in the areas of nutrition, bone function, and medicine, chapters include research on a variety of bone-related topics including effects of vitamins, nutrients, and antioxidants; dietary requirements; physical exercise; bone hormones; lifestyle and effects through the life cycle; race and ethnicity; and prevention of bone diseases including osteopenia and osteoporosis.

Nutritional Aspects of Bone Health

The book is multi-authored by the world's leading researchers in this area, who have come together to formulate the first ever textbook on nutritional aspects of bone health, and includes the current and cutting edge science underpinning ...

Nutritional Aspects of Bone Health

Nutritional Aspects of Bone Health

Nutritional Aspects of Bone Health provides an in-depth review of the role of diet in the development and maintenance of bone health throughout the lifecycle, and prevention of osteoporosis in later life. The book is multi-authored by the world's leading researchers in this area, who have come together to formulate the first ever textbook on nutritional aspects of bone health, and includes the current and cutting edge science underpinning the prevention of bone disease. The book is structured such that, in the first section, an overview is provided on what is meant by the terms bone health and osteoporosis and includes key areas such as epidemiology, genetics and the impact of non-nutritional exogenous factors influencing the skeleton. The second section details the established nutritional factors affecting bone health, namely calcium and vitamin D. Section three focuses on the role of macronutrients and macrominerals in bone health, namely protein, phosphorus, sodium and potassium, including the criticality of acid-base homeostasis to skeletal integrity. Section four addresses the effects of microminerals, trace elements, vitamin K, vitamin A and isoflavones on bone. Section five focuses attention on key issues connected with the influence of diet and anorexia and bulimia on bone health including nutrition and bone growth; nutrient: gene interactions; nutrient: drug interactions; and the final section discusses the effect of diet on reduction of fracture risk; the cost-effectiveness of nutritional supplements; and nutritional strategies for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. The book is targeted at a number of key audiences. Whilst there is a focus on the academic research world and those principally involved in education, at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels, the book will also be of considerable interest to those participating in the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis, namely those working in the medical and health promotion fields. Furthermore, Nutritional Aspects of Bone Health will be of particular interest to the food industry as the popularity of foods designed to target specific health issues increases, and nutritional therapy has a critical role to play in this major public health problem.

Magnesium s Effect on Bone Health

It is thought that this is due to the additional nutrients dairy provides, however, the exact mechanisms for each nutrient have yet to be defined.

Magnesium s Effect on Bone Health

Magnesium s Effect on Bone Health

Osteoporosis is a major health issue in the United States. It is a progressive bone disease resulting from an imbalance between bone resorption by osteoclasts and bone formation by osteoblasts, leading to decreases in bone mineral density and an increase in fracture risk. Approximately 10 million adults have been diagnosed with osteoporosis, while an estimated 44 million have low bone mass (2). It has been estimated that 2 million fractures yearly are attributed to osteoporosis, which amounts to about $17 billion dollars annually in medical costs (4). A decline in bone mineral density in both men and women is inevitable and is part of the aging process, makes finding new preventative approaches vital for combating this disease (6). The exact pathogenesis of osteoporosis has yet to be defined. It is thought that the cause of this disease is multi-factorial and is influenced by genetic factors, gender, race, lifestyle, and diet (25, 26, 31, 34, 35). Recent evidence suggests that changes in diet and lifestyle are successful strategies in aiding in the prevention and progression of osteoporosis (34, 35). Most research relating diet to bone health has involved the roles of calcium, vitamin D, and their synergistic activity, however, other nutrients have shown to also play a pivotal role. An example of a mineral that is in need of additional examination relative to its role in bone health is magnesium. Magnesium is the fourth most abundant mineral in the body, 60% of which is stored in bone (59). Although this mineral is found in a variety of foods including grains, nuts, cereals, legumes, green leafy vegetables, dairy, etc., various dietary intake studies suggest that most Americans are not fulfilling their magnesium requirement (57, 58). Interestingly, magnesium has shown to play a role in bone metabolism by affecting the activity of factors involved in bone formation and resorption (70, 71). Magnesium helps in the stabilization of alkaline phosphatase (ACP), which allows for more properly formed bone crystals (75). It also influences calcium metabolism and regulates various hormones including parathyroid hormone and calcitriol, the active form of vitamin D (81-83). In the present study, associations between magnesium and bone health were investigated in twelve postmenopausal women in a randomized controlled trial. Subjects received a labeling dose of 100nCi 41Ca and started a 180 day equilibration period for the isotope to stabilize in the skeleton followed by three 6-week phases, which included a calcium/vitamin D supplementation period and a dairy period in a cross-over method, with a six week wash-out period in between. Both interventions demonstrated positive effects on bone metabolism, as seen through examination of bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP) (bone formation marker), carboxy-terminal collagen crosslinks (CTx) (bone resorption marker), and the ratio of 41Ca/40Ca. Although no significant associations were seen between magnesium and bone health, there were positive associations between skeletal formation and other nutrients, specifically zinc. The findings from this study are novel in that they further solidify the idea that dairy positively impacts bone health more than calcium and vitamin D supplements alone. It is thought that this is due to the additional nutrients dairy provides, however, the exact mechanisms for each nutrient have yet to be defined.

Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis

For the third time, specialists from all over the world met to present their most recent scientific results and to update their knowledge in the expand ing field of nutrition and, osteoporosis.

Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis

Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis

For the third time, specialists from all over the world met to present their most recent scientific results and to update their knowledge in the expand ing field of nutrition and, osteoporosis. Major nutrition-al factors, such as calcium and vitamin D, were reexamined, with special attention on the ef fects of calcium, given either as a supplement or in dairy products in chil dren and adolescents, and to vitamin D supplementation in the elderly. The RDA for calcium was questioned, and the calcium requirement was rede fined. Special attention was paid to proteins and their growth promoting action via IGF-l, as well as to the profound effects on calcium and bone metabolism of vegetarian diets or diets rich in acidic or alkaline foods. Although considered an environmental factor influencing the pathogenesis of osteoporosis, nutrition was discussed in relation to genetic conditions, because certain genetic conditions modifY patients' responses to nutritional deficiencies and to supplementary interventions. These proceedings report the wide spectrum of research currently being undertaken and the new perspectives this presents and emphasize the sig nificant and important impact of nutrition on bone health and disease.

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