The Psychology of the Car

The book examines car drivers themselves; their personalities, preferences, and personality disorders relevant to driving.

The Psychology of the Car

The Psychology of the Car

The Psychology of the Car explores automotive cultures through the lens of psychology with the goal of achieving a low-carbon transport future. Worldwide there are now more than one billion cars, and their number grows continuously. Yet there is growing evidence that humanity needs to reach ‘peak cars’ as increased air pollution, noise, accidents, and climate change support a decline in car usage. While many governments agree, the car remains attractive, and endeavors to change transport systems have faced fierce resistance. Based on insights from a wide range of transport behaviors, The Psychology of the Car shows the “why of automotive cultures, providing new perspectives essential for understanding its attractiveness and for defining a more desirable transport future. The Psychology of the Car illustrates the growth of global car use over time and its effect on urban transport systems and the global environment. It looks at the adoption of the car into lifestyles, the “mobilities turn, and how the car impacts collective and personal identities. The book examines car drivers themselves; their personalities, preferences, and personality disorders relevant to driving. The book looks at the role power, control, dominance, speed, and gender play, as well as the interrelationship between personal freedom and law enforcement. The book explores risk-taking behaviors as accidental death is a central element of car driving. The book addresses how interventions can be successful as well as which interventions are unlikely to work, and concludes with how a more sustainable transport future can be created based on emerging transport trends. Features deep analyses of individual and collective psychologies of car affection, moving beyond sociology-based interpretations of automobile culture Illustrates concepts using popular culture examples that expose ideas about automobility Shows how fewer, smaller and more environmentally friendly cars, as well as low-carbon transport modes, are more socially attractive

Phenomenological Psychology

11 The Psychology of Driving a Car * D.J. VAN LENNEP In the pages to follow I shall attempt to consider the activities of the driver from a psychological perspective . In so doing I shall take my point of departure in the ideal driver .

Phenomenological Psychology

Phenomenological Psychology

Over the past decades many books and essays have been written on phenomeno logical psychology. Some of these publications are historical in character and were designed to give the reader an idea of the origin, meaning, and function of phenom enological psychology and its most important trends. Others are theoretical in nature and were written to give the reader an insight into the ways in which various authors conceive of phenomenological psychology and how they attempt. to justify their views in light of the philosophical assumptions underlying their conceptions. Finally, there are a great number of publications in which the authors do not talk about phenomenological psychology, but rather try to do what was described as possible and necessary in the first two kinds of publications. Some of these at tempts to do the latter have been quite successful; in other cases the results have 1 been disappointing. This anthology contains a number of essays which I have brought together for the explicit purpose of introducing the reader to the Dutch school in phenomenological psychology. The Dutch school occupies an important place in the phenomenological move ment as a whole. Buytendijk was one of the first Dutch scholars to contribute to the field, and for several decades he remained the central figure of the school.

The Psychology of False Confessions

After about 20 minutes the chauffeur driven car entered the hospital grounds, we could see Jim in the front seat with the driver and Carole was sitting in the back with a female companion. Frank and I attempted to shut the gates behind ...

The Psychology of False Confessions

The Psychology of False Confessions

Provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the development of the science behind the psychology of false confessions Four decades ago, little was known or understood about false confessions and the reasons behind them. So much has changed since then due in part to the diligent work done by Gisli H. Gudjonsson. This eye-opening book by the Icelandic/British clinical forensic psychologist, who in the mid 1970s had worked as detective in Reykjavik, offers a complete and current analysis of how the study of the psychology of false confessions came about, including the relevant theories and empirical/experimental evidence base. It also provides a reflective review of the gradual development of the science and how it can be applied to real life cases. Based on Gudjonsson’s personal account of the biggest murder investigations in Iceland’s history, as well as other landmark cases, The Psychology of False Confessions: Forty Years of Science and Practice takes readers inside the minds of those who sit on both sides of the interrogation table to examine why confessions to crimes occur even when the confessor is innocent. Presented in three parts, the book covers how the science of studying false confessions emerged and grew to become a regular field of practice. It then goes deep into the investigation of the mid-1970s assumed murders of two men in Iceland and the people held responsible for them. It finishes with an in-depth psychological analysis of the confessions of the six people convicted. Written by an expert extensively involved in the development of the science and its application to real life cases Covers the most sensational murder cases in Iceland’s history Deep analysis of the ‘Reykjavik Confessions’ adds crucial evidence to understanding how and why coerced-internalized false confessions occur, and their detrimental and lasting effects on memory The Psychology of False Confessions: Forty Years of Science and Practice is an important source book for students, academics, criminologists, and clinical, forensic, and social psychologists and psychiatrists.

Auto Motives

The high price of materialism: A psychological inquiry. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Lois, D., & Lopez-Saez, M. (2009). The relationship between instrumental, symbolic and affective factors as predictors of car use: A structural equation ...

Auto Motives

Auto Motives

While the individual benefits of car-based travel continues to be recognized, the wider environmental and social cost of automobiles is also significant. This title evaluates the evidence for better understanding 'what drives us to drive'.

Traffic and Transport Psychology

In W. Stroebe & M. Hewstone (Eds.), European Review of Social Psychology (Vol. 6, pp. 69-95). Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons. Marsh, P., & Collett, P. (1986). Driving passion: the psychology of the car. London: Cape.

Traffic and Transport Psychology

Traffic and Transport Psychology

This volume gives an overview of the trends in Traffic and Transport Psychology. It reflects the considerable development of the most important factors for driving a road vehicle, and the variety of international research approaches. The first part contains basic approaches and integrated models as well as general theories and their implementation into Traffic and Transport Psychology. The second part deals with the driver, especially cognition, performance, social and differential effects and impairment. Important aspects are treated, such as speed perception, reaction times, interaction, risk acceptance, aggression and gender differences. Special chapters refer to performance and fatigue. The third part focuses on safety, driver support, selection and influencing drivers by enforcement, training and programs for the rehabilitation of traffic offenders. Classic ergonomic methods are discussed as well as modern telematic devices, or trends regarding driver-assessment. In the last part, current developments are presented in relation to better mobility and the protection of the environment. Questions are asked, such as whether we could reduce the use of cars, how travel behaviour can be modified or to what extent the use of alternatives to motor vehicles benefits safety as well as the environment. This work is not only important for psychologists. It should be read by all transport professionals interested in the application of psychology to traffic.

The Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

shown a short slide presentation involving an auto–pedestrian accident. For half of the participants, a key slide showed a car stopped at a stop sign. For the other half of the participants, the slide showed the car at a yield sign.

The Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

The Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

This volume provides a tutorial review and evaluation of scientific research on the accuracy and reliability of eyewitness identification. The book starts with the perspective that there are a variety of conceptual and empirical problems with eyewitness identification as a form of forensic evidence, just as there are a variety of problems with other forms of forensic evidence. There is then an examination of the important results in the study of eyewitness memory and the implications of this research for psychological theory and for social and legal policy. The volume takes the perspective that research on eyewitness identification can be seen as the paradigmatic example of how psychological science can be successfully applied to real-world problems.

The Psychology of Design

Powers (2006) has demonstrated that the vehicle color affects how much consumers pay for new cars, in particular with sporty cars where the image or design of the car is an important factor. The same negotiation process takes place for ...

The Psychology of Design

The Psychology of Design

Design plays an increasingly larger role today in creating consumer desire for products and liking for commercial messages. However, the psychological processes involved are only partially understood. In addition, design is inherently interdisciplinary, involving (among others) important elements of aesthetics, anthropology, brand strategy, creativity, design science, engineering, graphic design, industrial design, marketing, material science, product design, and several areas within psychology. While researchers and practitioners in all of these fields seek to learn more about how and why "good" design works its magic, they may benefit from each other’s work. The chapters in this edited book bring together organizing frameworks and reviews of the relevant literatures from many of these contributing disciplines, along with recent empirical work. They cover relevant areas such as embodied cognition, processing fluency, experiential marketing, sensory marketing, visual aesthetics, and other research streams related to the impact of design on consumers. Importantly, the primary focus of these chapters is not on product design that creates functional value for the targeted consumer, but rather on how design can create the kind of emotional, experiential, hedonic, and sensory appeal that results in attracting consumers. Each chapter concludes with Implications for a theory of design as well as for designers.

The Cambridge Handbook of Psychology and Economic Behaviour

psychological. determinants. of. car. ownership. and. use. TOMMY G ̈ARLING AND PETER LOUKOPOULOS 16.1 Introduction In this chapter we will try to answer two questions: why are automobiles purchased, and why are automobiles, ...

The Cambridge Handbook of Psychology and Economic Behaviour

The Cambridge Handbook of Psychology and Economic Behaviour

Psychologists have been observing and interpreting economic behaviour for at least fifty years, and the last decade, in particular, has seen an escalated interest in the interface between psychology and economics. The Cambridge Handbook of Psychology and Economic Behaviour is a valuable reference resource dedicated to improving our understanding of the economic mind and economic behaviour. Employing empirical methods – including laboratory experiments, field experiments, observations, questionnaires and interviews – the Handbook covers aspects of theory and method, financial and consumer behaviour, the environment and biological perspectives. With contributions from distinguished scholars from a variety of countries and backgrounds, the Handbook is an important step forward in the improvement of communications between the disciplines of psychology and economics. It will appeal to academic researchers and graduates in economic psychology and behavioural economics.

Trauma Psychology

Since 1995 , with continued NIMH funding , we have investigated treatment methods for dealing with PTSD and some of the other frequent psychological consequences of car crashes . This review will include two major sources of information ...

Trauma Psychology

Trauma Psychology

Experts present current knowledge and emerging research on trauma from events as diverse as kidnapping, killing, and terrorism to those as common and widespread as injuries from motor vehicle accidents or burns to homelessness and violence against women.

The Psychology of Survey Response

Some of the steps were these : The car is a 1993 model , bought new , and I purchased the radio from a separate dealer just after buying the car . So 1993 is a strong possibility for the year . But , second , car manufacturers release ...

The Psychology of Survey Response

The Psychology of Survey Response

Examines the complex psychological processes involved in answering different types of survey questions.

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