Trials and Tribulations of International Prosecution

It has the potential of addressing all of the problems stemming from the asymmetries of the SS model. Moreover, by its very design, DTL aims at creating an environment that enhances parties' ability to peacefully settle their disputes.

Trials and Tribulations of International Prosecution

Trials and Tribulations of International Prosecution

This book examines the political and legal challenges of instating criminal prosecutions by international tribunals since their reestablishment a half century after the international military tribunals at Nuremberg and Tokyo.

The SS Trials and Retribution

The complete transcripts from Nuremberg detailing the actions of the SS Einsatsgruppen taken directly from the daily transcripts of the proceedings

The SS Trials and Retribution

The SS Trials and Retribution

The complete transcripts from Nuremberg detailing the actions of the SS Einsatsgruppen taken directly from the daily transcripts of the proceedings

Architects of Death

CHAPTER NINE TRIALS AND RETRIBUTION With the Soviet forces closing in, the SS at Auschwitz realised that the end was near. In those final months they had murdered with a frenzy, sifting out those who could be sent on the 'death marches' ...

Architects of Death

Architects of Death

Topf and Sons designed and built the crematoria at the concentration camps at Auschwitz-Birkenau, Buchenwald, Belzec, Dachau, Mauthausen and Gusen. At its height sixty-six Topf triple muffle ovens were in operation – forty-six of which were at Auschwitz. In five years the gas chambers and crematoria of Auschwitz had been the engine of the holocaust, facilitating the murder and incineration of more than one million people, most of them Jews. Yet such a spectacularly evil feat of engineering was designed not by the Nazi SS, but by a small respectable firm of German engineers: the owners and engineers of J. A. Topf and Sons. These were not Nazi sadists, but men who were playboys and the sons of train drivers. They were driven not by ideology, but by love affairs, personal ambition and bitter personal rivalries to create the ultimate human killing and disposal machines – even at the same time as their company sheltered Nazi enemies from the death camps. The intense conflagration of their very ordinary motives created work that surpassed in its inhumanity even the demands of the SS. In order to fulfil their own ‘dreams’ they created the ultimate human nightmare.

Europe on Trial

The Story of Collaboration, Resistance, and Retribution during World War II Istvan Deak ... whom few cared.3 Tragedy was followed by a tragicomedy at the Bordeaux trial in 1953, during which some survivors of the SS company were tried.

Europe on Trial

Europe on Trial

Europe on Trial explores the history of collaboration, retribution, and resistance during World War II. These three themes are examined through the experiences of people and countries under German occupation, as well as Soviet, Italian, and other military rule. Those under foreign rule faced innumerable moral and ethical dilemmas, including the question of whether to cooperate with their occupiers, try to survive the war without any political involvement, or risk their lives by becoming resisters. Many chose all three, depending on wartime conditions. Following the brutal war, the author discusses the purges of real or alleged war criminals and collaborators, through various acts of violence, deportations, and judicial proceedings at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal as well as in thousands of local courts. Europe on Trial helps us to understand the many moral consequences both during and immediately following World War II.

The August Trials

... Niels Bo Poulsen, and Peter Scharff Smith, “The Danish Volunteers in the Waffen SS and German Warfare at the Eastern Front,” Contemporary European History 8, no. 1 (1999): 94. 19. Benjamin Frommer, National Cleansing: Retribution ...

The August Trials

The August Trials

The first account of the August Trials, in which postwar Poland confronted the betrayal of Jewish citizens under Nazi rule but ended up fashioning an alibi for the past. When six years of ferocious resistance to Nazi occupation came to an end in 1945, a devastated Poland could agree with its new Soviet rulers on little else beyond the need to punish German war criminals and their collaborators. Determined to root out the “many Cains among us,” as a Poznań newspaper editorial put it, Poland’s judicial reckoning spawned 32,000 trials and spanned more than a decade before being largely forgotten. Andrew Kornbluth reconstructs the story of the August Trials, long dismissed as a Stalinist travesty, and discovers that they were in fact a scrupulous search for the truth. But as the process of retribution began to unearth evidence of enthusiastic local participation in the Holocaust, the hated government, traumatized populace, and fiercely independent judiciary all struggled to salvage a purely heroic vision of the past that could unify a nation recovering from massive upheaval. The trials became the crucible in which the Communist state and an unyielding society forged a foundational myth of modern Poland but left a lasting open wound in Polish-Jewish relations. The August Trials draws striking parallels with incomplete postwar reckonings on both sides of the Iron Curtain, suggesting the extent to which ethnic cleansing and its abortive judicial accounting are part of a common European heritage. From Paris and The Hague to Warsaw and Kyiv, the law was made to serve many different purposes, even as it failed to secure the goal with which it is most closely associated: justice.

Forgotten Trials of the Holocaust

His testimony was relevant because his position in the SS put him in the chain of command that began with Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, and continued to him through Ernst Kaltenbrunner, the only SS person on trial before the IMT.

Forgotten Trials of the Holocaust

Forgotten Trials of the Holocaust

"In the wake of the Second World War, how were the Allies to respond to the enormous crime of the Holocaust? Even in an ideal world, it would have been impossible to bring all the perpetrators to trial. Nevertheless, an attempt was made to prosecute some. Most people have heard of the Nuremberg trial and the Eichmann trial, though they probably have not heard of the Kharkov Trial--the first trial of Germans for Nazi-era crimes--or even the Dachau Trials, in which war criminals were prosecuted by the American military personnel on the former concentration camp grounds. This book uncovers ten "forgotten trials" of the Holocaust, selected from the many Nazi trials that have taken place over the course of the last seven decades. It showcases how perpetrators of the Holocaust were dealt with in courtrooms around the world--in the former Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, Israel, France, Poland, the United States and Germany--revealing how different legal systems responded to the horrors of the Holocaust. The book provides a graphic picture of the genocidal campaign against the Jews through eyewitness testimony and incriminating documents and traces how the public memory of the Holocaust was formed over time. The volume covers a variety of trials--of high-ranking statesmen and minor foot soldiers, of male and female concentration camps guards and even trials in Israel of Jewish Kapos--to provide the first global picture of the laborious efforts to bring perpetrators of the Holocaust to justice. As law professors and litigators, the authors provide distinct insights into these trials."--

On the Devil s Tail

“In secret...no trial.” Retribution From inside the tribunal hall, an usher opened wide the massive timber door and called out a name. An inmate at the head of the line in the corridor followed him, escorted by a gendarme on guard duty.

On the Devil s Tail

On the Devil s Tail

This is the riveting true story of Paul Martelli, a fifteen-year-old German-Italian, who fought in Pomerania, on the Eastern Front, in 1945 as a member of the 33. Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS "Charlemagne" and, later, as a soldier with French forces during three years (1951-1954) in the Tonkin area, Vietnam. Paul recounts his time at the Sennheim military training base, where he was introduced to the rigorous discipline of body and mind: he then goes back to 1940, during the German invasion of France, when he was still a boy in Lorraine, hinting at his motivations for enlisting with the Waffen SS. He reveals his and many young soldiers' exciting and often humorous escapades at Greifenberg, his first love with a German girl helping refugees, his experiences and feelings during the combats at Kšrlin, during the strenuous defense of Kolberg, while regrouping at Neustrelitz and at the German defeat. With a companion he ends up at a castle delivering a group of women camp prisoners to a Russian officer, living in disguise among enemy soldiers until he escapes and surrender to the Americans. After his sentence, imprisonment, evasions and military service in Morocco, Paul is sent to fight in defense of bases north of Hanoi, Vietnam. He survives three years of fierce combats, assaults, ambushes, night patrols, fatal traps and mortal risks but, deep down, he compares his service with the Waffen SS during the last year of war with the inefficiency of the French Expeditionary Force in the Far East and comes out deeply frustrated. At almost 26, he has fought and lost in two wars, both against the communists, be they Soviet or Viet-Minh. Unemployed, and with the ideals of a 'Nouvelle Europe' in pieces, he briefly joins the French Foreign Legion, his last hope, but in the end choses another path. This is a unique memoir, packed with incident and recounting the story of one individual caught up in a series of life-changing events.

International and Transnational Criminal Law

2. What was the rightful purpose of the Nuremberg trials? Deterrence? Retribution? Rehabilitation? ... what must prosecutors prove to convict a member of a criminal organization such as the SS of crimes committed by the SS?

International and Transnational Criminal Law

International and Transnational Criminal Law

This comprehensive and versatile book covers both international criminal law and the application of US criminal law transnationally. It has chapters on each of the core crimes (aggression, genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes), as well as separate chapters on the international tribunals from Nuremberg on and the ICC. Other chapters treat modes of liability, defenses, crimes against women, and alternatives to criminal prosecution in post-conflict societies. Thus the book can be used for courses focusing entirely on international criminal law and accountability for core crimes. But it also covers US criminal law in transnational contexts, including money laundering, Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, and terrorism. In addition, it includes chapters on extradition, evidence gathering abroad, comparative criminal procedure and comparative sentencing, and US constitutional rights abroad. Introductory chapters on the nature of international criminal law, transnational jurisdiction, and the basics of public international law make the book accessible to students with no prior background. New to the 3rd Edition: Recent developments in the international tribunals, including the Habré trial in the African Extraordinary Chamber Updates on post-Morrison jurisdictional developments and the treatment of jurisdiction in the Restatement (Fourth) of the Foreign Relations Law of the United States Activation of the crime of aggression by the ICC; cyber-attacks as aggression Recent war crimes jurisprudence and the treatment of war crimes in the US Department of Defense Law of War Manual A thorough revision of the ICC chapter including the Lubanga sentencing decisions and the Comoros decision on gravity Recent ICC jurisprudence on modes of liability Latest FCPA prosecution standards New cases on immunities and extradition Professors and students will benefit from: Versatility: Can be used for courses on international criminal law, and also for courses on US criminal law applied across borders Self-contained introductory chapters on basic public international law, transnational jurisdiction, and the nature of criminal law Detailed treatment of “headline” issues including torture, terrorism, and war crimes Readable background on historical context Teaching materials include: Comprehensive teacher’s manual, including the authors’ own teaching notes Discussion problems

Kampfgruppe Peiper

TRIALS. AND. RETRIBUTION. Kampfgruppe Peiper had failed in its mission to capture the Meuse crossings and push on to ... Firstly, the Leibstandarte's running mate in 1st SS Panzer Corps, the 12th SS Panzer Division Hitler Jugend, ...

Kampfgruppe Peiper

Kampfgruppe Peiper

“A fast paced story . . . If this is the only book you can buy of the Battle of the Bulge, this is the one to go for. Highly commended.”—Firetrench On 16 December 1944 Hitler’s last great offensive commenced, pushing through the difficult terrain of the Ardennes in Belgium. Its objectives were the Meuse bridges and, beyond them, Antwerp. Hitler’s aim was to cut off the northern British and American armies and force them to surrender or retreat. At the forefront of the German assault was Kampfgruppe Peiper of the SS Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler Division. It was the most powerful force in the German order of battle. Travelling along roads hardly suitable for cars, let alone Tiger tanks, the kampfgruppe had to cross numerous streams and rivers to reach its objectives. It was delayed by a handful of American combat engineers who blew up bridges, then it was brought to a halt by American reinforcements. As the tide turned, the kampfgruppe fought for its life, holding out for several days in a desperate rearguard action against increasing odds. David Cooke and Wayne Evans use contemporary accounts and a wealth of maps and illustrations to tell the story of Kampfgruppe Peiper in unprecedented detail. “This well written volume makes fascinating reading. The superb text is accompanied by a full walking and driving battlefield tour, making this publication an invaluable addition to any military enthusiast’s library.”—Roll of Honour

Democracy Nazi Trials and Transitional Justice in Germany 1945 1950

Bruno Nisch, who had conducted the initial investigation into Hannemann's murder had asked in his very first report on the case: “Did Friese tell the SS that Hannemann was a Jew? Because otherwise, for what reason was Dr. Hannemann shot ...

Democracy  Nazi Trials and Transitional Justice in Germany  1945   1950

Democracy Nazi Trials and Transitional Justice in Germany 1945 1950

Revising our understanding about how transitional justice works, this study analyses and compares Nazi trials in post-war East and West Germany from 1945 to 1950 to challenge assumptions about the political outcomes of prosecuting mass atrocities.

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